Is fruit juice unhealthy?
The regular and above all excessive consumption of fruit juices is said to increase the risk of premature death. At least that was shown by a joint US study by Emory University in Atlanta and the University of Alabama. Accordingly, not only sugary soft drinks should harm health, but also fruit juices with natural fructose. However, the dose is crucial here. Therefore, the results should not be overestimated.
A recent joint study by Emory University, Atlanta and the University of Alabama found that consuming natural fruit juices increased the risk of premature death. The results of the study were published in the English-language journal "JAMA Network Open".
Fruit juice increases the risk of premature death by up to 42 percent
Drinking too many sugary drinks can lead to premature death. But consuming an excessive amount of fruit juice also increases the risk of premature death by nine to 42 percent, according to the current study. The sugar contained in the orange juice is natural, but still resembles sugar, which lemonade and other sweetened drinks are added. The authors of the study advise that consumption should be kept within limits.
Tax on sweetened drinks with added sugar?
In the United States, there are now taxes in several states on sweetened beverages with added sugar to reduce consumption. Because the consumption of these drinks contributes to the obesity epidemic in children and to high rates of diabetes in adults.
What problems can be caused by sugar?
Previous research has shown that high sugar intake, such as that found in soft drinks and fruit juices, is related to various risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Obesity, diabetes, and increased triglycerides (a type of fat found in the blood) are among the risk factors associated with excessive sugar intake. So far, however, there have been only a few studies dealing with the effects on the risk of death.
Data from 13,440 people were evaluated for the study
The researchers analyzed the data from 13,440 adults aged 45 and over. Of these participants, almost 60 percent were men and just under 71 percent suffered from overweight or obesity.
If participants consumed 10 percent or more of their daily calories from sugary drinks, they were 44 percent more likely to die from coronary artery disease and 14 percent more likely to die prematurely compared to people less than five Percent of their daily calories are derived from sugary drinks. Each additional 12-ounce serving of fruit juice (0.35 liters) per day was associated with a 24 percent higher risk of premature death.
Why did the risk of premature death increase?
If the results for sugary drinks and juices are considered independently of one another, it must be taken into account that this risk is related to the risk that exists for the lowest consumers, the study authors explain.
The results were not really surprising for the researchers, because a number of possible biological mechanisms explain the increased risk of death that was found. For example, research suggests that sugary drinks increase insulin resistance, which is known to increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Also, the consumption of fructose hormones that promote weight gain stimulate what is another cardiovascular risk factor Diseases. Although fruit juices may not be as harmful as sugary drinks, their consumption in children and adults should be kept in moderation, especially if they are keeping a healthy weight.
Would you rather drink fruit juice or lemonade?
For example, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics and Science, recommendations for children between the ages of one and six say that fruit juice consumption should be limited to six ounces (0.17 liters) per day.
Children seven years and older, teenagers and adults should consume a maximum of eight ounces of fruit juice (0.23 liters) per day. We have to consider both fruit juices and sugary drinks when we think about how much sugar we consume each day. If the choice arises, fruit juice should still be preferred to lemonades. Due to its vitamin and mineral content, small amounts of fruit juice can have a beneficial effect that cannot be found in lemonades and other sugary drinks. (as)